Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are manifestations of degenerative changes in cartilage and intervertebral discs. The development of pathology contributes to sagging, deformation of the vertebrae. As a result, the patient experiences pain, dizziness, nausea.
The cervical region contains the major blood vessels that supply the brain. Microimpulses emanating from the main organ and the central nervous system pass through the nerve fibers. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of the disease, individual characteristics. With cervical osteochondrosis, the discs that perform the damping function are negatively affected by:
- The structure changes.
- Growths form in the form of tufts due to the growth of bone tissue in osteochondrosis. As a result, the blood supply deteriorates, nerve fibers fail.
The first symptoms of the disease are not expressed.
With the development of osteochondrosis that appeared in the neck, severe pain is observed - the main symptom. During movements, discomfort intensifies, muscle tension occurs.
There are different categories of people at risk. The process is determined by factors that provoke the development of cervical osteochondrosis:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- comorbidities - scoliosis, rheumatism;
- excessive physical activity;
- Spine injury.
Symptoms of the next stages of osteochondrosis of the neck
Changes in cartilage tissue are manifested by signs, the severity of which depends on the severity of dystrophic disorders. The processes can lead to the failure of any internal body system:
- Compression of nerve endings is characterized by symptoms in the form of osteochondrosis neuralgia. If the spinal cord is pinched, neurological diseases can occur. The bony growths that form on the nerve roots partially or completely immobilize the vertebrae, which leads to their fusion. There is a loss of sensitivity.
- Compression of main and peripheral blood vessels is the cause of lack of complete blood circulation. Oxygen starvation occurs, the work of the heart worsens. Symptoms of the cervical type of osteochondrosis: frequent migraines, jumps in blood pressure, impaired coordination, vegetovascular dystonia, impaired function of the respiratory system. Hearing and visual problems may occur.
External symptoms are characterized by a wide range of bodily damage. Patients do not complain about the deterioration of general well-being in the pathology of the first stage. To prevent the onset of the disease, it is recommended to lead an active lifestyle, swim and perform exercises for well-being.
Sensation in cervical osteochondrosis of the second stage is characterized by pain, which leads to stiffness of movement.
The feeling of discomfort can be localized in different areas of the spine. Decreased patient performance. Compression of the arteries causes general weakness, migraine. Tilts, bends of the head increase the discomfort of osteochondrosis.
The third stage of the disease is determined by more pronounced symptoms: on palpation of the pathological area there is a sharp pain, immobility, movements are characterized by a crunch, dizziness, nausea. The condition is manifested by loss of consciousness, the patient feels a lump in the throat. Violation of blood circulation leads to jumps in blood pressure and hypertension. There is numbness of the upper limbs.
The fourth phase is determined by the deterioration of the condition. With the advanced form of cervical osteochondrosis, the patient's disability may occur. The main symptom is immobilization of the cervical vertebrae. Compression of arteries and nerve fibers reaches its maximum, which manifests itself in the form of tinnitus, visual and auditory disturbances. There is a violation of speech - numbness of the tongue, loss of coordination.
Treatment of osteochondrosis, localized in the neck, is carried out using a conservative therapeutic method using drugs.
The doctor prescribes physiotherapy, health-enhancing gymnastics. To eliminate the pain syndrome during an exacerbation of the pathology, it is recommended to take a course of general strengthening massage.
Internal symptoms characterize the changes that occur in the structure of cartilage tissue in osteochondrosis:
- I stage of manifestation of chondrosis. The physiological structure of the ridge is disturbed. The location of the discs between the vertebrae narrows due to the lack of fluid. Muscle hypertonia appears.
- Stage II of osteochondrosis of the neck is determined by the thinning of the intervertebral discs, their height decreases, which increases the load on the musculoskeletal system. The result is pain.
- Stage III. Cartilage is deformed, bone tissue grows, intervertebral hernias form and protrusion occurs. Cases of dropped discs are fixed. Symptoms of the disease are characterized by severity. Osteoarthritis begins to progress.
- stage IV. Complete destruction of the discs located between the vertebrae with subsequent replacement of the voids with bone or connective tissue. The process leads to the formation of growths.
To prevent the development of the disease, it is recommended to regularly perform exercises at home, which are aimed at strengthening the muscle corset in osteochondrosis. To relieve pain, special drugs, ointments, injections are prescribed. Apply folk remedies in the form of compresses, bandages.
Can the symptoms differ between men and women?
The neck is the most mobile part of the musculoskeletal system, it has 7 vertebrae. The department begins with the chest and is attached to the skull. Signs of cervical osteochondrosis in women do not differ from manifestations of pathology in men. According to statistics, women are more prone to the onset of the disease, which is due to the anatomical structure, possible pregnancy.
The course of the disease depends on concomitant conditions, hormonal levels, symptoms and other factors.
|Cross section of the spine||Larger size.||Smaller.|
|Performance of system functions||The body is under constant stress. Fractures are less common due to more developed muscles.||It adapts better to loads. Osteochondrosis, curvature in the form of scoliosis, osteoporosis are often diagnosed.|
|clinical picture||The state is characterized by stability. Lower pain threshold. Patients cannot clearly describe all the signs.||The symptoms are pronounced. Patients are clearly making complaints.|
|Age changes||The organism is not subject to the restructuring of internal systems until 45-50 years.||Changes are observed as a result of pregnancy, hormonal changes after 45 years. Pain, numbness of the hands may occur.|
The carrying of the fetus can be accompanied by the appearance of symptoms:
- progression of cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis;
- pinched nerve endings;
- the appearance of problems with the cardiovascular system;
- stiffness of movements.
Features of pathology diagnosis
A comprehensive diagnosis of osteochondrosis that arose in the neck, taking into account the degree of the disease, symptoms, is the key to a favorable course of the disease. To establish an accurate diagnosis, different methods are used:
- Inspection. After contacting a doctor, a visual assessment is carried out with a parameter - gait, posture. A complete history of the patient's symptoms is collected.
- X-ray is considered an accessible method of examination. It is characterized by the possible occurrence of consequences affecting the general well-being of the patient. An x-ray is taken from the cervical region from the base of the skull to the upper chest. The study shows the condition of the intervertebral discs.
- Tomography. There are two types: computer and magnetic resonance (MRI). In the first case, with the help of a special device, a specialist takes image sections under the influence of X-rays. The resulting image is displayed on the computer screen, a 3D model isexecuted. The second type of examination is based on the work of electromagnetic waves. Layered photos of a certain part of the body are taken.
If the symptoms of osteochondrosis that occurs in the neck are characterized by intensive development, you should consult a doctor. To prevent the disease, it is recommended to lead an active lifestyle, perform constant exercise and swim. With an advanced form of pathology, treatment is prescribed, including taking drugs that stop pain and normalize the work of the internal systems of the body.